Submarine Matters provides an expanding database on submarines worldwide. Australia should contract in 2016 to only buy a batch of 6 Shortfins - then, in the 2030s, decide whether to buy: 6 more Shortfins or 6 Barracuda SSNs or 4 Virginia SSNs. With increasing numbers of Chinese, Russian and Indian SSNs in Australia's region Australia's Shortfins cannot attain any 2016 Defence White Paper goal of being "regionally superior". Australia would need to buy SSNs to be "superior".
January 10, 2017
Japan selling its P-1 and C-2 military aircraft to NZ at low prices?
As Japan is new to being an actual seller of military aircraft early success may be elusive. However the desire to seal a deal with New Zealand may mean Japan will offer the P-1 (above) and C-2 (below) at very attractive low prices.
The Japanese military (Japanese Self Defence Force (JSDF)) seem enthusiastic about selling the C-2 military transport aircraft and P-1 maritime patrol aircraft to foreign buyers.
In October 2016 the Japanese military invited staff officers from 10 countries (USA, Philippines, Cambodia, Indonesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam and Saudi Arabia [but not New Zealand?]) to presentations on the C-2. See this Sankei News article [in Japanese] which indicates the surprisingly large size of the C-2 that the staff officers (in the photo) are viewing. The C-2 is parked atIruma Air Base, Japan.
“Japan's Kawasaki Heavy Industries (KHI) is offering its P-1maritime
patrol aircraft (MPA) and C-2
transport aircraft to New Zealand...The company, in collaboration with the Japanese Ministry
of Defense (MoD), has provided information to New Zealand in a bid to meet a
requirement in the Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) to replace its Lockheed
Martin P-3K2 Orion MPA and C-130 Hercules transport aircraft, which have both
been in service since the mid-1960s.
Japan's Nikkei financial newspaper had earlier
reported that the Japanese MoD has already responded to New Zealand's request
for information (RFI) about both requirements and that following talks it is
expected to offer concrete proposals in the first half of 2017..." For whole Jane’s article see.
I think New Zealand (NZ) plays it safe and traditional in
its military hardware buying patterns. This will work against Japan's:
C-2 transport aircraft. I think NZ purchase of 5 x C-130J
Super Hercules is more likely. The need is to replace NZ’s 5 older model C-130Hs. Again NZ’s main ally, Australia, is already operating the C-130J. The ability to operate from relatively short, rough airfields on small Pacific Islands (in NZ’s region) may put the C-2 at a disadvantage compared to the C-130J. For distant overseas operations, often shared with Australia, NZ may rely on Australia's C-17s. Or NZ might short-term lease cargo aircraft (for example).
Other weaknesses of the C-2 are that very few have been
built (4? see right
sidebar) and they have only been operated in Japan’s airforce since
However Japan-Kawasaki may be very hungry to sell its
first military aircraft to a prime Asia-Pacific customer. So Japan-Kawasaki may
provide both aircraft at very low upfront and support prices. Apologies for seeing New Zealand's needs through such an Australian lens. For more on New Zealand's defence environment see New Zealand's Defence White Paper 2016.