June 27, 2016

Chinese Provocations at MALABAR 2016 & in India, Japanese MoD Budget Rising

MALABAR 2016 was held in the East Sea area between Sasebo Naval Base (Nagasaki, Kyushu) and Okinawa (see Kadena and Futenma) which also hosts JMSDF Naval Base, Okinawa.
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The Indian Navy and USN have regularly conducted the annual bilateral exercise named ‘MALABAR’ since 1992. Since 2007, MALABAR has been held alternatively off India and in the Western Pacific. Japan became a permanent MALABAR participant in 2015.

On June 17, 2016 at 1:55 PM “S” commented on MALABAR, China intruding into India. Also see  details of rises in the Japanese defense budget:

MALABAR 2016

The US Navy, Indian Navy and Japanese Navy (Japan Maritime Self Defense Force (JMSDF)) conducted joint maritime Exercise “MALABAR 2016” – in the East Sea area between Sasebo Naval Base (Nagasaki, Kyushu) and JMSDF Naval Base, Okinawa, held between June 10, 2016 and June 17, 2016.

China made aggressive actions against India and Japan as follows:

A Chinese spy ship, of the Type 815 Dongdiao-class (weighing 6,000 tonnes, many radomes and antennas) had been tracking the Indian Navy ships participating in MALABAR when the spy ship infiltrated Japanese territorial waters on June 15, 2016. [For information also see a Japanese language Sankei News report of June 15.]


A Chinese Type 815 Dongdiao-class spy ship rather reveals its "secret" mission with all those antennas and "golf ball" radomes.
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Detailed participants in MALABAR 2016:

Indian vessels included INS Sahyadri and INS Satpura (both Indian built stealthy frigates), INS Shakti (fleet tanker and support ship) and INS Kirch (corvette).ity helicopters)

US Navy vessels included supercarrier USS John C Stennis (CVN 74), Ticonderoga class cruiser USS Mobile Bay, Arleigh Burke class destroyers USS Stockdale and USS Chung Hoon, one SSN, Long Range Maritime Patrol (MPA) aircraft will also participate in the exercisez). [also see USN report].

JMSDF forces included the destroyer/helicopter carrier DDH-181 Hyuga, a US-2 Search And Rescue  flying boat, Japanese designed and built P-1 MPA and a Japanese built Orion P-3C)(see a JMSDF Press Release in Japanese)

China Intruding on Indian Territory

In what appears to be a coordinated provocation more than 250 soldiers of the Chinese PLA intruded into the disputed Indian territory in the state of Arunachal Pradesh on June 9, 2016.

S Comment

Naturally China rejected the infiltration and incursion allegations made by Japan and India.

These over-reactions of China overt MALABAR reflect its impatience. This is due to diplomatic isolation of China caused by Chinese egotism in the South East Sea.

Japanese Defense Budget Increasing
  
The published Japanese Ministry of Defense (MoD) budget [according to Wiki] for 2015 was 4.98 trillion yen (approximately US$42 billion, and roughly 1% of Japanese GDP), a rise of 2.8 percent on the previous year. 

On the 31st of August, 2015, the JMoD requested a military budget of 5.1 trillion yen for the 2016 financial year, a rise of 2.2% on the 2015 budget. If approved [?], this increase would raise Japanese MoD spending to it highest level in Japan's modern history, although still leaving it in 7th place in terms of military spending world-wide, behind its regional neighbour China[couldn’t open http://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/html/20160616/k10010558741000.html]

Sources used:

S

13 comments:

Anonymous said...

Hi Pete: Part I

Yesterday, ex-Lieutenant General of JASDF (Japana Air Self-Defense Force) reveled Chinese fighter took attacking behavior against Japanese fighter in the East China Sea sky [1]. I introduce some part of his article. KYODO NEWS, the leading news agency reported that Ministry of Defense (MoF) officials admitted the facts is true in this article [2].

*snips*
On Jun/09, a Jiangkai-class frigate of PLAN (People’s Liberation Army Navy) entered contiguous zone of the Senkaku Islands in the East China Sea It was the first-time enter by PLAN. On Jun/15, a PLAN Dongdiao-class spy ship entered territorial waters of Kuchinoerabushima Island. On Jun/16, a PLAN spy ship entered contiguous zone of the Senkaku Islands.

If armed fighters meet with in missile range, it could become a hair-trigger situation. PLAAF (People's Liberation Army Air Force) fighter keeps a certain distance from JASDF fighter showing relatively behavior. PLAAF fighters did not go south of a certain line of the East China Sea and have never taken hostile behaviors against scrambles JASDF fighters.

But, in this time, the situation has perfectly changed. PLAAF fighter(s) crossed the line very easily going south of the East China Sea, and showed attacking behavior against JASDF fighter. The said JASDF fighter avoided the attacking behavior by defensive maneuver. As a pilot of JASDF fighter judged it would be involved in dogfight and unforeseen situation occur, JASDF fighter left the battle sky and avoided the missile attack by using the self-defense system.

As I used to be a pilot of fighter, I well understand how the situation was serious, in fact, it was the nick of time. It was attacking behavior which was not experienced even in during the Cold War, and was a first-ever dogfight in JASDF.

If PLAAF and JASDF fighters equipped with missiles and guns involved in dogfight, collision of fighters or firing of missile is possible.

Pilots of JASDF who are strictly controlled in discipline do not pre-empt firing of missile. But, pilot of PLAAF have little experiences and their behaviors are not unpredictable.

To be continued

Anonymous said...

Part II

This case is an extremely serious situation. Of course, it has also been reported to the government. But, perhaps because of difficulty in understanding its seriousness, it does not seem to diplomatic action have been taken. So it does not also become the news. This unnecessary and dangerous provocation behavior did not happen sporadically nor accidentally, and still continues. This is problem.
*snips*

In this time, China crossed the line. Now, China has seen the reaction of the Japanese government with respect to these behaviors.

Fierce battle in the sky is still followed today. It may limit just no longer corresponding tactical level by JASDF. Dangerous provocative behavior of the PLAAF in the sky should be quickly announced and appealed to the international community as public opinion war

It is urgent. First of politicians should be aware of the serious and importance of situation. If left as it is, there is a possibility that the tragedy occurs. Government should take comprehensive and strategy measures including political, diplomatic and military. This issue is more serious than other important issues such as response to leaving of UK from EU and election of the Upper House.

[1]http://jbpress.ismedia.jp/articles/-/47196?utm_source=gunosy&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=link&utm_content=title
(JBpress, by ex-Lieutenant General and ex-Commander of JASDF, Kunio Oda)

[2]http://english.kyodonews.jp/news/2016/06/418568.html (KYODO NEWS)
A Chinese fighter aircraft made a threatening move as if to attack a Japanese Air Self-Defense Force airplane over the East China Sea, prompting the Japanese plane to take evasive action, according to an article written by a former Japanese commander and published Tuesday on an online news site.
A senior Japanese Defense Ministry official later told Kyodo News that those details in the article published in Japanese on the Japan Business Press website are essentially true. Neither the article nor the Defense Ministry official said when the incident occurred.
The article written under the byline Kunio Orita, the former head of the ASDF Air Support Command, said, "Chinese aircraft have come to take very provocative actions in conjunction with developments at sea," referring to recent Chinese naval ships sailing near and even entering Japanese waters.

[3]http://www.47news.jp/news/2016/06/post_20160628224503.html (KYONEWS, Japanese version of [2])
According to internet article by ex-Lieutenant General and ex-Commander of JASDF, Kunio Oda, the Chinese Military fighter has showed “attacking behavior against the JASDF fighter and JASDF has left in the East China Sea sky area”. The ex-Lieutenant General did not show detailed day and time.
Ministry of Defense officials admitted the facts in the outline on the coverage of Kyodo News. In his article, the ex-Lieutenant General introduced that in this moth, Chinese naval vessels have entered contiguous zone of the Senkaku Islands in the East China Sea, and territorial waters of Kuchinoerabushima Island, Kagoshima prefecture. He pointed out that Chinese fighter began to take an extremely provocative action so as to match with the movement of the sea.

Regards
S

Anonymous said...

Part II

*snips*
Although PLAAF fighter showed repeatedly approach behavior in suppressed manner, it never conducted overflight of the Senkaku Islands by the fighter. But, China seems to judge that she has a best chance to do so.

China has been seeking a chance to establish effective control of territorial waters of the Senkaku Island by expelling JASDF fighters and staying PLAN warship. Now, China judges that she has a best chance to step forward establishment of the effective control.
*snips*

This case is an extremely serious situation. Of course, it has also been reported to the government. But, perhaps because of difficulty in understanding its seriousness, it does not seem to diplomatic action have been taken. So it does not also become the news. This unnecessary and dangerous provocation behavior did not happen sporadically nor accidentally, and still continues. This is problem.
*snips*

In this time, China crossed the line. Now, China has seen the reaction of the Japanese government with respect to these behaviors.

Fierce battle in the sky is still followed today. It may limit just no longer corresponding tactical level by JASDF. Dangerous provocative behavior of the PLAAF in the sky should be quickly announced and appealed to the international community as public opinion war

It is urgent. First of politicians should be aware of the serious and importance of situation. If left as it is, there is a possibility that the tragedy occurs. Government should take comprehensive and strategy measures including political, diplomatic and military. This issue is more serious than other important issues such as response to leaving of UK from EU and election of the Upper House.

To be continued

Anonymous said...

Part III Reference

[1]http://jbpress.ismedia.jp/articles/-/47196?utm_source=gunosy&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=link&utm_content=title
(JBpress, by ex-Lieutenant General and ex-Commander of JASDF, Kunio Oda)

[2]http://english.kyodonews.jp/news/2016/06/418568.html (KYODO NEWS)
A Chinese fighter aircraft made a threatening move as if to attack a Japanese Air Self-Defense Force airplane over the East China Sea, prompting the Japanese plane to take evasive action, according to an article written by a former Japanese commander and published Tuesday on an online news site.
A senior Japanese Defense Ministry official later told Kyodo News that those details in the article published in Japanese on the Japan Business Press website are essentially true. Neither the article nor the Defense Ministry official said when the incident occurred.
The article written under the byline Kunio Orita, the former head of the ASDF Air Support Command, said, "Chinese aircraft have come to take very provocative actions in conjunction with developments at sea," referring to recent Chinese naval ships sailing near and even entering Japanese waters.

[3]http://www.47news.jp/news/2016/06/post_20160628224503.html (KYONEWS, Japanese version of [2])
According to internet article by ex-Lieutenant General and ex-Commander of JASDF, Kunio Oda, the Chinese Military fighter has showed “attacking behavior against the JASDF fighter and JASDF has left in the East China Sea sky area”. The ex-Lieutenant General did not show detailed day and time.
Ministry of Defense officials admitted the facts in the outline on the coverage of Kyodo News. In his article, the ex-Lieutenant General introduced that in this moth, Chinese naval vessels have entered contiguous zone of the Senkaku Islands in the East China Sea, and territorial waters of Kuchinoerabushima Island, Kagoshima prefecture. He pointed out that Chinese fighter began to take an extremely provocative action so as to match with the movement of the sea.

Regards

Anonymous said...

Hi Pete PART VI

I introduce some different views in time series.

(1) Yomiuri Shinbun 2016.6.29 12:23 (http://headlines.yahoo.co.jp/hl?a=20160629-00000127-jij-cn)

Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary, Koichi Hagiuda said "I believe there was of course the interaction at close range with Chinese fighter in the sky. But, it is not the fact that it showed offensive behavior or attacked by using missile.”

Chinese embassy said “It is completely groundless. Exaggeration or inflame result in an adverse effect on the resolution and handling of related issues, and the process of improvement in Sino-Japanese relations.”


(2) Sankei News 2016.6.30 07:50(http://www.sankei.com/politics/news/160630/plt1606300020-n2.html)
*snips*
Government officials describe only as a "rare case", but unprecedented tense offense and defense were conducted in the airspace.
Scrambled JASDF fighter went widely around the Chinese fighter, trying to positioning the fighter from the rear to the right beside of the Chinese fighter. By firing signal from the position where a face of China, pilot can be seen. JASDF fighter could call to leave.

However, the China fighter showed unexpected behavior. It turned its nose to the JASDF fighter, and it took the posture to face from the front. Mr. Oda, the ex-pilot of fighter pointed out "In this posture, you can fire missile at any time. It is the de facto offensive action.”

Provocative behavior by the China fighter continued. The JASDF fighter tried to leave the sky area to avoid unforeseen circumstances, but the China fighter continued tracking. JASDF machine was out of the crisis while spraying chaff, countermeasure against radar-guided missiles of the enemy. According to the Oda clan, these cases have occurred more than once in June.
*snips*

Mr. Okada hit back Japanese government "The information has been definitely communicated to Japanese government, but, she does not understand seriousness of situation at all”. And he said “Japanese government She should immediately announce what people in front feel as a threat, and take a resolute attitude to prevent the reoccurrence. Otherwise, we cannot stop the fait accompli of PLA.”

Anonymous said...

PART V

(3) Sankei News 2016.6.30 23:58(http://www.sankei.com/politics/news/160630/plt1606300062-n1.html)

Katsuhiko Kono, the Chief of Staff, i.e., head of JSDF revealed on Jun/30 that Chinese planes closing to the territorial space of Japan from April to Jun have increased, resulting in increase in scrambles (ca.200 times) of JASDF fighter more than 80 times compared to same period last year (114times). Announcement of scramble number by the Chief of Staff is exceptional.
*snips*
The Chief of Staff said “I is not the fact that Chinese showed offensive behavior.” But, on Mr.Oda’s statement “JASDF fighter left the battle sky and avoided the missile attack by using the self-defense system”, the Chief of Staff answered “I do not mention whether the self-defense system was used or not used.”]

Comment
Informing everything to people is not always right. Once people become furious, it is very hard for the government to control the situation.

Prototype of F-3, Mitsubishi X-2 Shinshin (formal name, the ATD-X; alias, Shinshin) [1] equipped with XF5 engine (max. power ca.5ton) has already developed [2,3].

F-3, the sixth generation fighter is much bigger than X-2, equips two very powerful engines (max. power per engine 15ton) and excellent stealth performance with radar cross-section (RCS) smaller than sparrow size [3].

[1]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitsubishi_X-2_Shinshin
[2] http://www.huffingtonpost.jp/2016/01/27/japan-first-stealth-jet-fighter_n_9094472.html (HUFF POST JPN Ed.)
There are 20 pictures of Shinshin.
[3] http://www.sankeibiz.jp/business/news/150317/bsc1503170500010-n1.htm (SankeiBiz)

Anonymous said...


Correction
PARTVI, final paragraph,
Mr. Okada---> Mr.Oda

Peter Coates said...

Hi Anonymous

Thanks for supplying Parts I, II, V and VI. I'm looking forwards to Parts III and IV.

You've provided much of the material for a Sub Matt article (or two) next week.

Several references support your report, including:

- http://www.military.com/daily-news/2016/04/25/chinese-incursions-spark-more-fighter-jet-scrambles-from-japan.html

- http://thediplomat.com/2016/04/japans-fighter-jets-intercepted-chinese-aircraft-571-times-in-2015/

and http://finance.yahoo.com/news/japan-plans-july-fighter-jet-233219105.html . This last report is most interesting because it appears to describe the process of the Japanese MoD mainly offering US companies Boeing and Lockheed Martin (notionally European countries as well) up to $40 billion to develop 100 air superiority fighters.

Possibly these fighters may amount 5th Generation (stealthy) export-to-Japan versions of the F-22 in what Japan calls the "F-3 fighter program". MHI appears to be the designated Japanese prime domestic contractor. "A final decision is likely in summer 2018, the people said, with deployment due at the end of the 2020s at the earliest. They declined to be identified because the matter was confidential."

Clearly the F-35 alone is inadequate - as I published in the Australian press in 2008 http://www.onlineopinion.com.au/view.asp?article=7401

Regards

Pete

Anonymous said...

Hi Pete

I mistyped PART IV as PART VI. PART III which is reference of PART I&II, includes three referenced as follows:


Part III (Reference of PART I&II)

[1]http://jbpress.ismedia.jp/articles/-/47196?utm_source=gunosy&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=link&utm_content=title
(JBpress, by ex-Lieutenant General and ex-Commander of JASDF, Kunio Oda)

[2]http://english.kyodonews.jp/news/2016/06/418568.html (KYODO NEWS)
A Chinese fighter aircraft made a threatening move as if to attack a Japanese Air Self-Defense Force airplane over the East China Sea, prompting the Japanese plane to take evasive action, according to an article written by a former Japanese commander and published Tuesday on an online news site.
A senior Japanese Defense Ministry official later told Kyodo News that those details in the article published in Japanese on the Japan Business Press website are essentially true. Neither the article nor the Defense Ministry official said when the incident occurred.
The article written under the byline Kunio Orita, the former head of the ASDF Air Support Command, said, "Chinese aircraft have come to take very provocative actions in conjunction with developments at sea," referring to recent Chinese naval ships sailing near and even entering Japanese waters.

[3]http://www.47news.jp/news/2016/06/post_20160628224503.html (KYONEWS, Japanese version of [2])
According to internet article by ex-Lieutenant General and ex-Commander of JASDF, Kunio Oda, the Chinese Military fighter has showed “attacking behavior against the JASDF fighter and JASDF has left in the East China Sea sky area”. The ex-Lieutenant General did not show detailed day and time.
Ministry of Defense officials admitted the facts in the outline on the coverage of Kyodo News. In his article, the ex-Lieutenant General introduced that in this moth, Chinese naval vessels have entered contiguous zone of the Senkaku Islands in the East China Sea, and territorial waters of Kuchinoerabushima Island, Kagoshima prefecture. He pointed out that Chinese fighter began to take an extremely provocative action so as to match with the movement of the sea.


The development of a powerful engine (thrust 15 tons) for a stealth fighter is expected to manufacture a high-performance
http://www.sankei.com/premium/news/150428/prm1504280001-n1.html(2015.4.28 07:00)

Regards

Peter Coates said...

Thanks Anonymous, for 2/7/16 11:00 AM .

Regards

Pete

Anonymous said...

Hi Pete

According to Mr. Mitsuhiro Sera, military Journalist, JASDF fighter used the Chaff Flare Dispenser [1-4] to avoid missile attack by Chinese fighter PLA

Mr. Mamoru Sato, military commentator and ex- commander of JASDF expressed the view as expert [5].
JASDF fighter left the sky, it was wise judgement. As the International law and the Criteria of Use of Weapon are hammered into pilots of JASDF fighter, they show extreme patience to avoid international problem. I worry that PLAAF pilot would misunderstand that PLAAF fighter kicked out JASDF fighter, and the second or third of the reckless pilot could appear.
PM Abe should say, "so as not to worsen the situation, but the government has been forced to put up with the Self-Defense Forces, it resolute to take measures in order to protect the territory, territorial waters, airspace in the future."

[1] http://www.zakzak.co.jp/society/politics/news/20160701/plt1607011140002-n1.htm
[2] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flare_(countermeasure)
[3] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chaff_(countermeasure)
[4] http://www.fotosearch.com/photos-images/chaff-flare-dispenser.html (Chaff Flare Dispenser stock photos and images)
Commander Self-Defense Forces
[5] http://d.hatena.ne.jp/satoumamoru/

Regards

Anonymous said...

Hi Pete

JMSDF destroyer and two P-3Cs will soon visit Australia.

(1)Joint oversea cruise exercise by Australia, Canada & Japan
Period: Sept/04-11
Place: From Guam to Darwin surrounding sea area
Ship: DD-118 Fuyuzuki[1]
Practice: anti-submarine warfare, anti-air warfare, target practice, tactical exercise

(2)KAKADU16
Period: Aut/26-Oct/18 for DD-118, Sept/07-Sept/28 for P-3Cs
Place: Darwin surrounding sea area
Ship: DD-118 Fuyuzuki
Air: two P-3Cs
Practice: anti-submarine warfare, anti-air warfare, target practice, tactical exercise

[1] Fuyuzuki is the fourth ship of Akizuki-class destroyer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akizuki-class_destroyer_(2010)


In MALABAR 2016, China showed aggressive behaviors against India and Japan. PM Abe told African leaders on Sunday that Japan would commit $30 billion in public and private support and China criticized PM Abe. What is China going to do? In fact, Olympic was over.


Regards
S

Peter Coates said...

Hi S [at 30/8/16 10:23 PM]

Thank you for the Japanese Navy destroyer and two P-3C MPAs visiting Australia information.

Regards

Pete