FRENCH SUBMARINE TABLE
(how many built?)
First Sub Laid Down
Last Sub Commissioned
Some still building?
Early 1970s S 620 for French Navy
2006 for Pakistani Navy
AMETHYSTE rebuild of Rubis
1989 (rebuilding began)
1999 O’Higgins Chile
Sep 2016 Kalvari India
5 x Kalvaris India
4 x S-BR Brazil
DCNS designing non-nuclear portion. Brazil building reactor.
Maybe launched in late 2020s
2029 for the last of the six
2052? Assuming one sub built every two years
The Barracuda is only the second SSN generation France has produced so it will be far more capable. than the first generation (th Rubis)
Interestingly Brazil envisages developing a submarine reactor and then installing it into Brazil's first nuclear sub (SN-BR).
Experience with Scorpenes, Triomphants and Rubis also would have assisted Barracuda design in less obvious features such as:
- similar combat systems and weapons
- use of a pumpjets on Triomphants acting as a testbed before using them on Barracudas
- proving more crew comfort for long missions.
So clearly Barracuda technology has been evolving from previous submarine designs. Increasing French Naval experience in using this technology contributes to even more evolution.